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Germany's Underground

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Similarly, since the cities are very well connected, access to other cities from the Düsseldorf International Airport is also possible. This is available through express routes and suburban railways. Future expansions Essen’s light rail system travels along a central subway route that extends from Essen Hauptbahnhof to Berliner Platz. It crosses the city center where the trains, on Stadtbahn’s 3 commercial lines travel as well. The remaining structure is surface level. Of the 8,995 prisoners who were identified, all were Jewish. Most came from Hungary, with the rest from Poland, Greece, Romania, and elsewhere. Service is available from 7:00 a.m. to 11:00 p.m. or 11:30 p.m. on Saturdays. The wait time between trains increases as well. According to the consolidated register of gas storage facilities of the European association Gas Infrastructure Europe, Germany’s gas storage facilities are 50.6% full (as of January 11, 2022),” the German Ministry of Economy said in response to a deputy's request as quoted by RIA. “This corresponds to a theoretical working gas availability of 17.7 days,” it added.

Berliner Unterwelten was founded in 1997 to explore, document and preserve the city’s subterranean architecture. The organization’s base is in a former air raid bunker in the Gesundbrunnen subway station, now a museum—the Unterwelten Museum (Subterranean Museum)—that offers various tours through Berlin’s underground. The bunker was cleared and reconstructed by the group and transformed into a museum while maintaining its original character. Hiding on four floors below Berlin are dozens of bunkers, tunnels, walkways, canals, the route of a pneumatic postal system, storage rooms, bomb and ammunition storage, and abandoned subway stations. The word “Riese” (prounced “REE-zuh”) means “giant” in German. And this was an ambitious project even by Hitler’s megalomaniacal standards: seven underground structures connected by tunnels totaling over 5.5 miles in length beneath the Owl Mountains of Lower Silesia and the opulent Ksiaz Castle in what was then Germany and is now a territory of Poland. Killer-Nazis erschüttern Deutschland: War ein Verfassungsschützer bei sechs Morden ganz in der Nähe? – News Inland" (in German). Bild.de. 15 November 2011 . Retrieved 11 September 2012. Hitler first arrived at the headquarters on 23 June 1941. In total, he spent more than 800 days at the Wolfsschanze during a 3½-year period until his final departure on 20 November 1944. In the summer of 1944, work began to enlarge and reinforce many of the Wolf’s Lair original buildings. However, the work was never completed because of the rapid advance of the Red Army during the Baltic Offensive in autumn 1944. Image Credit : Adam JonesFollow – CC BY 2.0 Essen Hauptbahnhof: Connects to the S-Bahn lines, S1, S2, S3, S6 and S9 and express routes, RE1, RE2, RE6, RE11, RE14, RE16, RB40 and RB42. This station also connects to tram routes, 101/106, 105, 107 and 108 and bus lines, 145, 146, 147, 154, 155, 166, 193, 196, SB14, SB15, SB16 and SB19.Built into a disused chalk quarry, La Coupole consisted of a network of tunnels for storage, launch facilities, housing quarters and control facilities. The whole complex is capped by a large concrete dome which the name “La Coupole” in English means “Dome”.

Hawley, Charles (15 November 2011). "The World from Berlin: 'The Neo-Nazi Killers Were Among Us' ". Der Spiegel . Retrieved 15 November 2011. Gelsenkirchen Buerer Straße (Gelsenkirchen District-Horst), Gelsenkirchen Schloss Horst (Gelsenkirchen District-Horst), Gelsenkirchen Fischerstraße (Gelsenkirchen District-Horst), Alte Landstraße, Boyer Straße, Arenbergstraße, Heßlerstraße, II. Schichtstraße, Karlsplatz (Altenessen District-Nord), Altenessen Mitte (Altenessen District-Süd), Kaiser-Wilhelm-Park, Altenessen Bahnhof (Altenessen District-Süd), Bäuminghausstraße, Bamlerstraße, Universität Essen (Stadtkern District), Berliner Platz (Stadtkern District), Hirschlandplatz (Stadtkern District), Essen Hauptbahnhof (Stadtkern District), Philharmonie (Südviertel District), Rüttenscheider Stern (Rüttenscheid District), Martinstraße (Rüttenscheid District), Messe Ost/Gruga (Rüttenscheid District), Messe West/Süd/Gruga (Rüttenscheid District) Line U-17 Items with characteristics or behavior that disturbs other passengers is prohibited. This includes odorous or potentially toxic materials, irritating noises and more. Von Der Behrens, Antonia (15 January 2018). "Lessons from Germany's NSU case". Race & Class. 59 (4): 84–91. doi: 10.1177/0306396817751307. ISSN 0306-3968. S2CID 220072502. The elaborate tunnel system could have been used to move around armaments, offices, and documents under the endless hail of Allied bombs.

Stadtbahn Metro (Stadtbahn Essen)

As the tide turned against the Nazis in 1943, Hitler and his engineers began building an elaborate underground city joined by tunnels where they would be able to conduct their war plans unimpeded by Allied bombers or encroaching Red Army troops. Wearing skates on the metro is not permitted. Riding on skateboards, scooters or similar items is also prohibited. Authorized personnel may ask first time offenders to cease using these items and when failing to do so, they will be asked to leave.

On 23 February 2012, an official state ceremony in commemoration of the victims was broadcast live from Berlin; a nationwide moment of silence was observed and flags were flown at half-mast. [25] [26] [27] The bunker was never fully completed due to continuous Allied bombing raids that was intended to delay or incapacitate the V-weapons programme (also part of Operation Crossbow). The complex was captured by allied forces in September 1944 and has since been converted into a museum dedicated to the history of the German V programme. Image Credit : openroads.com – CC BY 2.0 Sundermann, Tom (11 July 2018). "Was ist das für ein Urteil?". Zeit Online . Retrieved 30 August 2018. Aggressive behavior, insults or intimidation of other riders is absolutely prohibited on the Essen Metro. Train cars that were rumored to be filled with Nazi gold that has never been accounted for since WWII ended.The facility was constructed with slave labour from concentration camps, where up to 320,000 inmates are believed to have been worked to death. B8 Bergkristall stopped all works on May 3, 1945, as allied troops approached the nearby town. Image Credit : Ziegenberg – CC BY-SA 4.0 The unauthorized distribution of any type of propaganda is absolutely prohibited at metro stations and on trains.

Nationalsozialistischer Untergrund": Verfassungsschützer womöglich in "Döner-Mord" involviert – Politik". Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. 14 November 2011 . Retrieved 11 September 2012. It is said that children as young as 10 were put to work pushing mining cards and performing other forced menial labor. Believe it or not, there are tours! Described variously as the “Fly Trap” or “The Henge” (due to its resemblance to Stonehenge), this outdoors, above-ground remnant of Project Reise is variously said to be a UFO launching pad, an anti-gravity device, a time machine, or maybe just the humble remains of an industrial cooling tower. What role did this beautiful castle play in this sinister plot? Ksiaz Castle. ( Wikimedia Commons) Haftbefehl gegen Holger G. aus Niedersachen erlassen". Hamburger Abendblatt (in German). 14 November 2011 . Retrieved 14 November 2011.

Gerlach: Guilty – Also convicted of aiding a terror organization. Sentenced to three years in prison. In their postwar memoirs, Albert Speer and others insisted that Project Riese was intended to be Adolf Hitler’s spacious underground headquarters and a general hiding space for the Nazi top brass. But other researchers say that the manner in which this information was deliberately spread by notoriously unreliable sources is evidence that this was a purposeful Nazi misinformation campaign designed to deflect attention from Project Riese’s true purpose… …or was it supposed to be a super-huge underground military base for nuclear tests, hypersonic jets, anti-gravity devices, and other “wonder weapons” such as the “Nazi Bell”?

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