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Turkish Woodwind Professional Zurna

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The Saz is the grandfather of the Greek Bouzouki. It's originated in Central Asia where Turks lived before their westward migration. Like the guitar in Spain and the bouzouki in Greece, the Saz is the most popular stringed instrument in Turkey. Although similar in shape to the Greek Bouzouki, the construction, size and sound of the Saz is different. You need a baglama saz to be able to play the microtones (Perde) of Arabic music. These instruments have traditional tied frets that are movable, and 3 courses of strings. Baglama Zurna is a widely used instrument in Turkey as well as in every country in Central Asia. The individual species are very widely spread among the Middle Eastern and Caucasian peoples. During the archaeology excavations made on the Mingachevir eraz, which is one of the oldest human dwellings, four zurnas prepared from the maral horn were cut. Although the vocal range of the zurna is not very wide, it can be considered a success to sound two octaves. Although the vocal range is narrow, the voice of the zurna is quite loud and striking. Mehterhane preserved its existence changing continuously until the Janissary corps was abolished. According to its final form, each one was composed of nine davul-s, nine zurna-s, nine nakkare-s, nine cymbals and nine horns. This band was called Dokuz katlı mehterhane (mehterhane composed of instruments, each instrument’s number is nine). Mehter had many improvements in its music and performance parallel to its organization and establishment. Furthermore, renovations in the areas of art and culture influenced the music also. The studies and compositions of the music teachers of the palace in XVIIth century such as Hanende Recep Çelebi, Zurnazenbaşı İbrahim Ağa, Eyyubi Mehmet Çelebi, Solakzade Mehmed Hendemi (at the same time very famous historian) and III. Selim, the sultan and one of the great music masters of XVIIth century, had influence on the renovation of the mehter musikisi and the growing of the repertoire. The Farabius Academy of Music provides online private zurna study at all levels and ages. Students in a private study can learn with no prior experience, all the way to extensive professional experience, and we will ensure you have an enjoyable experience. Zurna — Zurna, ein bei der türkischen Kriegsmusik gebräuchliches Blasinstrument, der Oboe ähnlich … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

And because of this long and interwoven history, Turkish musical instruments are part of a tradition that extends out of Turkish culture and into many of the surrounding cultures in the Middle East and Asia. As kavals are not produced to any defined standards what can be said about its dimensions has to be very general. Its length may vary between 30 cm and 80 cm and its diameter is approximately 1.5 cm. It has 7 melody keys on the front and one underneath. Besides these, there are also 4 other keys at the lower section of the instrument called Seytan Deliği and Hazreti Ali. The combination of constant volume and non-stop playing makes the zurna unsuitable for emphasis of the rhythm. It has therefore been played almost invariably along with big drums that both provide the rhythm and the lower frequencies that travel further away than the zurna's loud, high pitched sound.Characteristics and history [ edit ] Sound file of kaba zurna from Serres, Greece A variety of zurna, from the Museum of Greek Folk Musical Instruments Evliya Çelebi gave important data about mehterhane and mehter musikisi in the middle of XVIIth century. “There are 300 artists in mehterhane-i Hümayun (the mehterhane of the palace) in Istanbul. These are quite precious and well paid people. There is additionally a mehter takımı of 40 people in Yedikule since there is a citadel. They are on duty three times a day, in other words they give three concerts, so that public listens to Turkish military music. This is a law of Fatih. Moreover, there are 1.000 mehter artists in addition to them in Istanbul. Their bands are in Eyüp Sultan, Kasımpaşa (kapdan-ı Deryalık, the center of Turkish Naval Forces), Galata, Tophane, Rumelihisarı, Beykoz, Anadolu Hisarı, Üsküdar and Kız Kulesi. These mehter bands are on duty (i.e. give concerts) twice a day, in the daybreak and sunset hour.” Reconstruction of the European reed instruments known since the 11th century. The instrument is made by master Todar Kaskurevic. In Belarus, common people called hornpipes zalejkas since the 11th century, while the dukes of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania called them salmiejs.

The documents reached from the ancient time to the present indicate that yurağ (zurna), sıbızgı (sipsili nefir, the horn), the horn of Hun (şahnay), burguv (the horn), kuğruv (kös), tümrük (davul) ve çeng (the cymbals) were the instruments in the tuğ band of the Turks in the central Asia. There are three string groups on Baglama in groups of two or three. These string groups can be tuned in a variety of ways. For example in the tuning style called baglama Düzeni, the strings in the lower group give 'la', middle group strings and upper group strings give 'mi' notes. Besides this type of tuning there are Kara Düzen, Misket Düzeni Müstezat, Abdal Düzeni, Rast Düzeni etc. styles. Tar Mey is a Turkish folk instrument of the wind type. It consists of three parts. Ana Gövde (main part), Kamis (reed) and Kiskac (clip). The clips mounted to the end of the reed and can be pushed up and down on the reed and thus enabling tuning by providing one note variation in the sound. Turkish lore [ citation needed] says that Adam, who was moulded from clay, had no soul. It is said only the melodious tuiduk-playing of Archangel Gabriel could breathe life into Adam. According to a Turkmen legend, [ citation needed] the devil played the main role in tuiduk invention (note the term "devil openings", şeytan delikleri, in Turkish for the small apertures on the bell). There are seven holes in total on the zurna. The 6 of them are in the upper part, the remaining hole is in the lower section. The left hand of the person who will play the zurna should cover the holes in the top and the right hand the holes in the bottom. The person who wants to play the zurna adjusts the sound output and timbre by opening and closing the holes on the instrument by blowing through the "sipsi" in the mouth. While playing the zurna, one should never stop breathing. The sound of the zurna comes out with tremors. In short, playing the Zurna is not that easy. The person who plays the zurna should do his breathing well.

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The name is because you produce sound on this percussion instrument by essentially striking two spoons against each other, usually in a rhythm to accompany a dance.

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