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Client Centred Therapy: Its Current Practice, Implications and Theory

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More importantly, Dr. Rogers has endeavored to bring the realities of the counseling session – the anxiety, the despair, the hope, and the satisfaction – into the text. Moreover, great consideration is given to the uniqueness of the relationship between client and therapist, culminating in the personal experiences of both. Through the integration of commentary on documented therapeutic sessions, the perspective of Dr. Roger’s counseling procedures are subjected to both experimental and scientific analysis. The unfolding of the nondirective attitude contributes to every field of therapy from play to group considerations. If you are so inclined to “really” read the book (sorry for my transference in this comment, it just appears that some of the reviewers failed to read the book, or grasp its concepts), I would highly suggest that you take your time and understand the last chapter, “A Theory of Personality and Behavior,” as the culmination, or “proof” if you will, about the fundamental soundness of the client-centered approach to counseling. Thus, when I returned to college newly interested in psychology after being out of it during the 1971/72 year owing to problems with the draft board, there were few classes in the catalog which spoke to my particular interests in the field. Fortunately, two of the new visiting professors, names, but not faces, now forgotten, were psychotherapists and agreed to offer independent and group independent studies on their own particular interests in what was called "humanistic" psychology. I read Roger's CCT in such a context, my second exposure to him, the first having been in an earlier EdPsych class. The best vantage point for understanding behavior is from the internal frame of reference of the individual himself” (494).

What happens next is what makes Client Centered Therapy more subtle and complex than the touchy-feely impression people may get from it. Once the client has reached the layer of inner conflict, a psychological disintegration occurs. The old model of the world is shattered and the client finds himself psychologically lost. From this disintegration, the client comes to build a new model of the world that encapsulates contradictory experiences without conflict. The client doesn't leave the therapeutic process with fixed answers, one could say that they feel more lost after therapy than before, but therapy has equipped him with the ability to navigate the confusion of his inner contradictions. PDF / EPUB File Name: Client_Centered_Therapy_New_Ed_-_Carl_Rogers.pdf, Client_Centered_Therapy_New_Ed_-_Carl_Rogers.epub Contemporary psychology derives largely from the experimental laboratory, or from Freudian theory. It is preoccupied with minute aspects of animal and human behaviour, or with psychopathology. But there have been rebels, including Carl Rogers, Gordon Allport, Abraham Maslow, and Rollo May, who felt that psychology and psychiatry should aim higher, and be more concerned with growth and potentiality in man. The interest of such a psychology is in the production of harmoniously mature individuals, given that we all have qualities and possibilities infinitely capable of development. Successful development makes us more flexible in relationships, more creative, and less open to suggestion and control.

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Carl Rogers states that these conflicts create psychological tension, defensiveness, and that an individual is "ripe" for therapy once that tension becomes unbearable. One side note that I loved: through the exploration of his unconscious experiences and resolving his conflicts, the client comes to develop a more accurate symbolization of reality, a better representation. One can stop saying "my mother is bad", for a more accurate "she is denigrating in some aspects, but she cares about me in others". My appreciation for Rogers is deeply magnified by the fact that he was a ruthless seeker of truth, wherever it may lead. He was cautious to submit his model of therapy to the scientific method and, when available, he defended his ideas with academic studies. When his ideas were unproven, he had the intellectual honesty to highlight the potential weak spots of his theory. Maybe this approximation is only my own but I found Rogers' view to be similar to that of Zen Buddhism. The "goal" appears to be consistence and congruence of self-concept with the actual self, if it can be so called a "goal" in such an approach as this which attempts to free itself from value-judgments. Zen of course claims to also not be wholly transmitted through words but I would at least approximate it to experiencing experience.

Carl Rogers theorized that this level of disintegration and reintegration of the self can only occur in the total absence of judgment, in an environment of positive acceptance.C]lient-centered therapy, with the intense focusing upon self which it involves, has as its end result, not more self-consciousness, but less. One might say that there is less self-consciousness and more self…That the self functions smoothly in experience, rather than being an object of introspection. Or as one client states in a follow-up interview one year after the conclusion of therapy: ‘I’m not self-conscious like I used to be…I don’t concentrate on being myself. I just am’” (129). Rogers came to believe, based in his experience of counseling, that people have a fundamental capacity of positive reorganization of themselves, and that the therapeutic process is best left under their responsibility. He came to reject the idea that the therapist ought to be a source of authority, a moral reference, a problem solver for the patient; rather, he saw the therapist as one who can assist the client in his exploration and resolution of his inner contradictions.

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